One Health

Antimicrobial Resistant Bacteria as Reportable Diseases: An Update

  |   One Health

Recently the University of Pennsylvania, Ryan Veterinary Teaching Hospital experienced an outbreak of an NDM-5 carbapenemase producing E. coli infections originating in the ICU.  One of the most significant types of gram negative resistance, it eliminates use of the carbapenem class, including imipenem and meropenem, a last line therapy in human medicine. In addition, this type of carbapenemase enzyme had not been reported in the USA in either human or veterinary medicine, which made it novel in this country.  Not...

Read More

Pièce de Résistance – Infection Control

  |   One Health

Within the veterinary hospital environment, regular cleaning and disinfection of equipment and surfaces is critical for environmental control of pathogens. Implementation of an effective Hospital Infection Control Plan can significantly reduce peri-surgical and procedural antimicrobial use. For more information, consult the Compendium of Veterinary Standard Precautions for Zoonotic Disease Prevention in Veterinary Personnel published by the National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Veterinary Infection Control Committee Pièce de Résistance is a monthly message on antimicrobial stewardship brought to you by WSVMA’s...

Read More

Pièce de Résistance – The real sCOOP on antibiotic use in poultry …why less is not always better

  |   One Health

Since the implementation of the Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) in January 2017, medical health professionals, veterinarians, producers, pharmaceutical companies, regulatory agencies, and other stakeholders have been working together to promote judicious antibiotic use in food animals to prevent resistance. The poultry industry has been very proactive in this regard, and had already eliminated some medically important human antibiotics from their arsenal. However, “no antibiotics ever” or similar label claims can sometimes be misleading and detrimental to animal health and welfare. So what...

Read More

Pièce de Résistance

  |   One Health

Multiple Drug Resistant Bacterial contamination or colonization of clinic personnel and or equipment, as well as cross-infection of patients within a veterinary hospital setting have been demonstrated. This underscores the importance of possible healthcare-associated infections in dogs and the need for diligent application of infection prevention strategies in veterinary care settings. Pièce de Résistance is a monthly message on antimicrobial stewardship brought to you by WSVMA’s One Health Workgroup.   Posted April 19, 2019...

Read More

Pièce de Résistance

  |   One Health

Concerns about antimicrobial resistance most often focus on how we use antibiotics, but this is only one part of the challenge. Transmission factors can be even more important depending on the circumstances. For example, work in east Africa shows that antibiotic use, per se, provides no predictive value for having antimicrobial-resistant gut bacteria in people or animals. Instead, variables related to transmission of bacteria (e.g., consuming raw milk, sharing drinking water sources, bringing outside animals to the farm, etc.) are...

Read More

Pièce de Résistance

  |   One Health

Do you believe there is unnecessary use of antimicrobials on any of your dairy clients’ farms? Over 80% of dairy veterinarians surveyed believed that there was some over-use of antimicrobials primarily with pre-weaned calves and cited “not following protocols” as a big reason. Looking at pre-weaned calf treatment protocols and reviewing compliance could help dairy clients with antimicrobial stewardship. Pièce de Résistance is a monthly message on antimicrobial stewardship brought to you by WSVMA’s One Health workgroup.   Posted February 8, 2019...

Read More

Pièce de Résistance

  |   One Health

Antimicrobial Use in Food-Producing Animals – Farmers and Vets Recognized for Diligence in Use The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that domestic sales and distribution of all medically important antimicrobials intended for use in food-producing animals decreased by 33 percent between years 2016 and 2017. While sales data do not necessarily reflect actual antimicrobial use, the reduction in sales volume observed is an important indicator that ongoing efforts to support antimicrobial stewardship are having a significant impact. CVM’s...

Read More

An opportunity to share your antibiotic knowledge

  |   One Health

Antibiotic resistance is a global public health issue, threatening both people and animals. The role of antibiotics in development of antibiotic resistance is largely unexplored in small animal medicine. The Colorado School of Public Health is launching a survey project focused on antibiotic use in small animal practice. Additionally, we are seeking veterinarians’ professional opinions on antibiotic resistance and antibiotic stewardship. This veterinary-led nationwide survey is the first of its kind in the United States, and results will aid in...

Read More

Pièce de Résistance

  |   One Health

The “5 D’s” are best practices for judicious use of antibiotics that physicians and veterinarians can employ to prevent antimicrobial resistance and effectively treat their patients: Diagnosis-use laboratory testing / diagnostics as well as culture and sensitivity when forming a treatment plan. Currently, there are efforts underway to standardize antibiograms between laboratories. Drug-choose the most appropriate antibiotic based on culture and sensitivity results. Automatically prescribing a broad spectrum antibiotic may favor the growth of resistant bacteria and make...

Read More

WSU’s The Allen School Partnering with the Pacific Science Center on global health series

  |   One Health

The Allen School is partnering with the Pacific Science Center to feature several of our faculty members in 2019 as part of the Global Health and Development Series. The series is part of the Science in the City program, which highlights scientists working on innovative and ambitious solutions to address global health problems. All of the talks are free and held on the second Tuesday of the month from 7-9pm at the Pacific Science Center. Why People in Washington Should Care...

Read More